PERIODONTAL CHIP: AN ADJUNCT TO CONVENTIONAL SURGICAL TREATMENT
The periodontal chip is a pharmaceutical composition which is applied to a periodontal pocket for the purpose of treating periodontal diseases. It is a pharmaceutical composition, which is provided in the form of gel, sheet, film or bar-like formulation, releases a controlled and effective amount of an active ingredient at the periodontal pocket. Strips which comprise polymers and active ingredients for treatment of periodontal diseases have been developed. These strips are said useful for the treatment of plaques and inflammation beneath the gingival margin. The formulations comprise a mixture of an active ingredient and a homogeneous polymer base. There are many advantages of using periodontal chip like it may employ those antimicrobial agents which are not suitable for systemic administration, such as various broad spectrum antiseptic solutions, relatively small amounts of the drug can produce a high concentration in the periodontal pocket, minimal side effects, controlled release devices can maintain a high concentration of the drug for an extended period and it reduces potential problems with patient compliance.