FROM ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY TO GREEN CHEMISTRY: OLIVE OIL AS SOLVENT
Antibacterial activity of clove buds (Syzygium aromaticum L.) essential oil and its respective infused oils were evaluated and compared using gram positive and gram negative clinical isolated bacteria. All extracts showed bacterial inhibition. Infused oils prepared in palm oil have the lowest activity, followed by extracts prepared in olive oil which have strong effect, followed by the essential oil which was the strongest one. In some cases, infused oils with olive oil were as active as the essential oil. Therefore, the presence of olive oil is very important to increase the antibacterial activity of infused oils. This study was done to investigate antibacterial effect of natural extracts used frequently in folk medicine called “Ethnopharmacology” in a new context of “Green chemistry”, to find treatments for multi-resistant bacteria, within everyone’s means especially in developing countries.